Akan History

Door , 22/08/2009 18:06


The Nzema originated from the north, in Bono or Adanse, settling in the 15th century. This was recorded by the Portuguese, who traded with other Europeans arriving in the country in the 15th century. During the 19th century Nzema was one region until the deportation of the ruler Kaku Akaa. The Nzemas are divided into the Evalue, Dwira, Ellembelle and Jomoro. Their various versions of the Nzema language differ only very slightly in very few insignificant ways. There is however only one standard written Nzema language. The Nzema are found along the coastal area of south western Ghana from Shama in the east to the western border with Cote d’Ivoire. Both the Nzema and the Ahanta celebrate the Kundum festival in remembrance of their ancestors. Kundum is celebrated between August and September each year, at the beginning of the harvest season. It is celebrated for one month and is characterized by drumming and dancing.


The Sefwi were composed of a number of states, but despite this they remained as one community. They celebrate a common annual yam festival which is called the Alluolie or Eluo.

The Sefwi were vassal states of the Denkyira. After Denkyira was defeated by Asante, the Sefwi gained their independence but soon were taken over by Asante. Sefwi was rich in gold, ivory and rubber that led to their prosperity.


The Wassa people are found in the Western Region of Ghana, inland off the coast and into the interior. Their annual Eddie festival is celebrated to coincide with the harvest period of farm produce. The Wassa are divided into various sub-ethnic groups, namely the Wassa Fiase/Mpohor and Wassa Amenfi.

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